Understanding the Food Pyramid April
Lesson Rationale: Good nutrition and a balanced diet will allow a child to grow up healthy and strong. It is important
for children to understand what it means to eat healthy foods at an early age because it will help them make healthy choices
in the future.
PA State Standards: 10.1.6C, 10.2.6B
Anticipatory Set: Write a series of lists on the board including a list of three different beverages, three different
vegetables, and three different breakfasts. Ask students to rank the items in each
list from the healthiest to the least healthy. Ask students t explain their rationale. (Examples: raw spinach, canned corn,
mashed potatoes with butter)
Materials: Food Pyramid Poster
Daily Food Log Worksheet (attached)
Food Group Worksheet (attached)
Construction paper, glue, scissors
how to read and understand the food pyramid
a class discussion on the basic concepts of the food pyramid. Ask guiding questions such as, “Which food group should
you eat the most foods from?” and “Why are there stairs on the side of the pyramid?
knowledge of food pyramid
to name an exercise activity
a healthy menu plan for one day
for a volunteer to read the lunch menu.
the menu choices on the board and put the food in groups as a class.
students up into pairs and give each pair a supermarket circular.
the students plan a menu for an entire day using a variety of foods from different food groups.
should cut foods out of circular and paste them onto construction paper.
placement of lunch menu food into groups
will present menus to class.
menus should include foods from all five groups
Adaptations: For the first activity, the students can form groups and chose a food group and think of 3 foods
that would fall into that group and rank them from the healthiest to the least healthy.
Assignment: Students will record what they eat on either Saturday or Sunday on the Daily Food Log sheet.